Crisis Wise Leadership; Ayatollah Khamenei's Leadership in Facing the COVID-19 Pandemic Crisis

Document Type : Original Article


1 Corresponding author: Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Public Administration, Department of Public Administration, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Unit, Tehran, Iran

2 Master of Public Administration, Club of Young Elites and Researchers, Qaimshahr, Iran


COVID-19 pandemic is a crisis that has occupied billions of people all over the world, threatening every human being on earth, and the consequences and extensive social, economic, political, cultural, religious, and philosophical challenges. has created for societies, governments, governments, and international organizations; So, society and citizens expect their leaders to manage the crisis effectively.Like other countries in the world, the Islamic Republic of Iran has been affected by this crisis. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate the leadership of the Covid-19 crisis in Iran. For this purpose, the statements and messages of Hazrat Ayatollah Khamenei, from the time of the identification and public announcement of the first cases of covid-19 in Iran until the time of writing this article (number of 58 speeches and 8 messages related to covid) 19), were investigated and analyzed. Using the method of theme analysis, the researchers conceptualized the data obtained from the text of statements and messages and based on that concepts (229 cases), primary themes (72 cases), organizing themes (72 cases) and overarching themes (11 items) were obtained.Finally, by combining and integrating overarching themes, 3 dimensions: 1) spiritual (attention to spirituality), 2) cognitive (self-knowledge, other-knowledge and social awareness; understanding the main nature of the crisis; judgment about the public interest), and 3) behavioral (Decision making for crisis management; Conceptualizing and conveying the perceived nature of the crisis to the society and other stakeholders; Using political power to mobilize facilities and resources and bring people, groups and organizations together. Divergent and even having conflicting goals; cultural architecture and discourse creation; inspiring and provoking intra-personal motivations; crisis learning; post-crisis crisis leadership) were identified as wise crisis leadership. Conclusions and suggestions are presented in the text of the article.


Main Subjects

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Volume 30, Issue 3
Autumn Quarterly
December 2022
Pages 77-114
  • Receive Date: 04 February 2022
  • Revise Date: 24 April 2022
  • Accept Date: 09 November 2022