The Model of Decision Making on the Basis of Islamic Strategic Values

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD candidate of physical education, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate professor of physical education, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Full professor at the Department of Physical Education, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran


This study is aimed at attaining an exploratory model of strategic decision making based on the Islamic values ​​through the use of a grounded theory. Reviewing and contemplating on the Holy Quran from the beginning to the end verse-by-verse, the researchers discovered the concepts of value and their role in decision making and completed them by referring to the related Hadiths. Then, 22 university professors and expert clerics were selected by theoretical sampling to take part in in-depth semi-structured interviews. Data analysis was continued in three stages of open, axial and selective coding, and interviews were sustained with experts up to theoretical saturation. The findings indicated that righteousness-orientation has a fundamental role in strategic value decision making. Furthermore, the dimensions of the model included contextualizing factors (commitment to values, world values, environment values, and inheritance values), influential factors (individual characteristics, strategic factors, asking God for assistance, and the circumstances), and preventive factors (anti-values ​​and going to extremes) which interact with decision making and makes it take the right direction and lead to desirable outcomes such as the Beneficent God's favor and salvation in the present world and the world to come.


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