Designing and Validating Administrative Staff’s Tendency Scale towards ‘Commanding Good and Forbidding Evil’


1 Corresponding author, PhD candidate at educational psychology, Semnan University

2 Assistant professor of Educational sciences, Bujnurd University

3 Assistant professor of psychology, Azad University of Bujnurd


This research is intended to design and validate a scale for measuring the tendency of the administrative staff towards commanding good and forbidding evil. The statistical population of the study consists of all the administrative staff of the Northern Khorasan Educational office, including 635 subjects, 315 of whom (47 women, 268 men) were selected through cluster sampling and responded the researcher-made questionnaire of the tendency of the administrative staff towards commanding  good and forbidding evil. They also responded Allport’s religious orientation questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha, split-half coefficient, correlation coefficient, exploratory and confirmation factor analysis were employed for data analysis. The findings indicated that the scale is significantly valid. Exploratory factor analysis through main component model and Promax Rotation resulted in the fact that the scale involves two factors: "tendency to commanding good" and "forbidding evil" with the determined variance of 63.29%. Conformation factor analysis supported this structure. Significant correlation was found between the tendency towards good and forbidding evil with the internal religious orientation. Based on the results of this study, the scale of the employees’ tendency towards commanding good and forbidding evil can be used as a valid instrument for measuring the employee's tendency towards commanding good and forbidding evils.


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